The decrease is due to the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on federated sport in the municipality of Guimarães.
The Covid-19 pandemic had a very negative impact on federated sport in the municipality of Guimarães. According to the results obtained within the scope of a survey carried out by the Guimarães Sport Studies Center (CEDG), there was a reduction of 3256 young people practicing sport in the training levels and 3112 less in the federated sport, considering only the main collective modalities (handball, basketball, soccer, futsal, roller hockey and volleyball). In 2019/20 these modalities represented 4608 federated practitioners in Guimarães, when in the 2020/21 season there were only 1496 practitioners.
In the report made available by the CEDG - entitled Impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on federated sport in the municipality of Guimarães - the training levels, whose competitions in the collective modalities have been suspended since March 2020, were particularly affected with an 88% decrease in the number of participants. practitioners, representing 3256 fewer children or young people doing federated sport in Guimarães. Football, futsal and roller hockey were the most penalized modalities in the training levels, with falls in the number of practitioners above 90%.
Analyzing by gender, there was a greater decrease in sports among males, with 71,53% fewer practitioners, compared to females, where the reduction was only 37,84%.
The results obtained in the municipality of Guimarães follow the national trend where the federations of handball, basketball, football, skating and volleyball, appoint 173 thousand young people to practice sport, which represents a decrease of 78,5% in the number of practitioners, in compared to the previous season.
This study appears in the context of a pandemic that has lasted for approximately a year and continues to have a strong impact on sports. The purpose of this survey was to identify the real impact of the pandemic in the municipality of Guimarães and to compare data between the sports season of 2019/20 and that of 2020/21, realizing the dynamics in the different modalities and the number of practitioners.
The federations of handball, basketball, football, skating and volleyball make up more than 50% of the total number of federated practitioners in Portugal. In Guimarães these federations represent almost 60% of the number of practitioners. In 2020, these five federations created a strategic working group to respond to the impact of the pandemic on sport.
The collection of information for the realization of the study was carried out between December 21, 2020 and January 8, 2021, with the federations and regional associations. In the first phase, contacts were established by e-mail and later reinforced by telephone. The first collection was made with the federations and only afterwards, due to their indication, or due to the impossibility of obtaining data, contacts were made with local associations.